East Central Europe and the World: Developments in the Post-Stalin Era

By Stephen D. Kertesz; Karlis Kalnins et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

7: RUMANIA

Stephen Fischer-Galati

Since 1955 the process of "socialist construction" in the Rumanian People's Republic has undergone significant modifications affecting both domestic developments and foreign relations. The postwar phase of rapid industrialization and ruthless annihilation of actual and potential obstacles to the "socialist transformation" of the country according to the blueprint of Stalinist Russia went into partial eclipse with the adoption of the "new course" shortly after Stalin's death in 1953. Further changes following Khrushchev's policy of moderation were introduced, at first gradually, then with increased, if not always even, momentum during the course of the Second Five-Year Plan inaugurated in 1956. This tendency toward moderation emerged as early as 1952 when the pattern of communist totalitarian dictatorship had been firmly established in Rumania. With the country's political, economic, cultural and religious life completely controlled and the struggle for leadership of the Rumanian Workers' Party resolved in favor of the middle-of-the-road elements, the Party was now able to come to grips with the problems related to the achievement of the visionary goals of the First Five-Year Plan. Stalin himself had apparently understood that the Rumanian working class could not attain the productivity goals set in 1950, that the peasantry was indomitably opposed to agricultural collectivization, and that the rapidly created Party was insufficiently reliable to overcome these difficulties and provide the effective leadership necessary to unify and win over the anticommunist and anti-Russian population. The new course gave official sanction to trends that had been tolerated earlier. By lowering the unrealistic goals of the First Five-Year Plan, by reassuring the peasantry of the regime's intention to prevent forcible agricultural collectivization, and by promising vastly improved living standards to all engaged in "socialist construction," the Party and government promulgated the principles of moderate communism from which they have but infrequently deviated.

-156-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
East Central Europe and the World: Developments in the Post-Stalin Era
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 393

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?