TEXAS AND THE TARIFF 1844-1846.
As soon as the elections of 1843 were past, plans were made for the ensuing presidential campaign. The Democrats of the state, under the control of Buchanan, pledged. their support to him. But on December 19, 1843, before the meeting of the state convention, Buchanan in a letter, published in the Lancaster Intelligencer, withdrew his name as a candidate for the presidency.1 He did this because he received no support in other states, the majority of which were already pledged to Van Buren.2 The sentiment of the Democracy in the state was by no means strongly in favor of Van Buren, nevertheless the Democratic state convention, at Harrisburg on March 4, 1844, pledged its delegates to him for the presidency and to R. M. Johnson for the vice-presidency. After a sharp contest the convention nominated Henry A. Muhlenberg, the anti-Wolf Democratic candidate in 1835, for governor.3 On August 10, before the election, Muhlenberg died suddenly at his home in Reading. The Democratic state central committee reconvoked the convention, which, on September 2, nominated Francis R. Shunk, who had been the opponent of Muhlenberg at the first convention.4 Shunk was the inevitable choice of____________________