Political Ideologies: A Comparative Approach

By Mostafa Rejai | Go to book overview
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may perform both of these functions at the same time. Ideology, in Mannheim's terms, is both "ideology" and "utopia."

Sixth, all ideologies serve as instruments for the manipulation and control of the people. A country's leaders are always in a position to dupe the masses, particularly in the light of contemporary advances in technologies of communication. The only questions are the regularity, extent, and intensity with which popular manipulation and control are exercised.

Finally, ideologies perform--or should perform--a self-maintenance function. A viable ideology must keep up with changing times and conditions; it must adapt its tenets and principles to the needs and requirements of the times. Ideologies that engage in this process of continuous adaptation are likely to thrive and flourish; ideologies that do not are likely to fall on hard times.

Selected Bibliography

Adorno, T. W. et al. The Authoritarian Personality. New York: Harper & Bros., 1950.

Apter, David E., ed. Ideology and Discontent. New York: Free Press, 1964.

Aron, Raymond. The Opium of the Intellectuals. New York: Norton, 1962.

Bell, Daniel. The End of Ideology. New York: Free Press, 1960.

Burns, James. "Political Ideology." In A Guide to the Social Sciences, ed. by Norman MacKenzie. New York: Mentor Books, 1966.

Corbett, Patrick. Ideologies. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1965.

Cox, Richard H., ed. Ideology, Politics, and Political Theory. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, 1969.

Hacker, Andrew. Political Theory: Philosophy, Ideology, Science. New York: Macmillan, 1961.

Harris, Nigel. Beliefs in Society: The Problem of Ideology. London: C. A. Wats, 1968.

Jenkin, Thomas P. The Study of Political Theory. New York: Random House, 1955.

Lane, Robert E. Political Ideology. New York: Free Press, 1962.

Larrain, Jorge. The Concept of Ideology. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1980.

Lichtheim, George. The Concept of Ideology and Other Essays. New York: Vintage Books, 1967.

Lipset, Seymour M. Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. New York: Doubleday, 1960.

Loye, David. The Leadership Passion: A Psychology of Ideology. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1977.

MacIver, Robert M. The Web of Government. 1947. Reprint. New York: Free Press, 1965.


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