Comparative Political Systems: Policy Performance and Social Change

By Charles F. Andrain | Go to book overview
Save to active project

5
Mobilization Systems

Whereas reconciliation leaders have sought evolutionary reformist changes in society, political activists who head mobilization systems struggle to attain rapid, fundamental transformations of government and society. The fundamental principle of a mobilization system focuses on active mass involvement in political life. Ideologically, mobilizing leaders expect the masses to view events in political terms, that is, to concentrate on general, common concerns and to link their individual interests with the well-being of the whole society. Struggle for a public good--national independence, industrialization, mass literacy, a healthy society--becomes both an intrinsic end and a means to resolve private problems. Structurally, political organizations like a political party, army, guerrilla force, militia, and mass associations gain collective control over resources and actively use these resources to implement fundamental changes. Behaviorally, charismatic leaders--prophets, sages, warriors, party organizers--steer the nation toward the ideological goal of societal reconstruction. From a Platonic perspective, ideological purposes represent the telos (the potential ends) that leaders must translate into actuality. Through ideological exhortation, political organization, and heightened mass participation, mobilization leaders attempt to realize widespread changes.

For mobilization leaders, politics involves steering state and society toward ideological goals in a conflict-laden environment. Disdaining the peaceful reconciliation of group differences, mobilizers promote conflict and struggle. Instead of negotiating bargains, they exploit value conflicts. Polarization, not accommodation, becomes the dominant style in the mobilization policy process. Dedicated to an ideological cause, mobilization systems try to arouse the mass passion, faith, and emotion needed to defeat political enemies. Military struggles pervade political life as a mobilization movement campaigns for national independence from a colonial power, for victory in a revolutionary civil war, and for success in the battle to industrialize the society. By promoting mass literacy and mass health campaigns, mobilizing activists wage war on social inequalities and underdevelopment.

-69-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Comparative Political Systems: Policy Performance and Social Change
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 244

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?