PATENTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
I have seen with real alarm, several recent attempts in quarters carrying some authority to impugn the principle of patents altogether--attempts which, if practically successful, would enthrone free stealing under the prostituted name of free trade.
John Stuart Mill: Speech in the House of Commons. c. 1860
|Level of Patent Protection||34|
|The Colonial Legacy||34|
|Erosion of Patent Protection||35|
|Transfer of Technology||36|
|Restrictions on Licence Agreements||37|
|International Developments in the 1970s||37|
|Strength of Patent Protection--WIPO||37|
|New Developments in the 1980s||38|
|TRIPs Implementation--Changes to Patent Laws||39|
|Black Box Filings||41|
|Grant and Enforcement of Patents||43|
|The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)||44|
|Opposition to TRIPs||46|
|Possible Amendments to TRIPs||46|
|The Compatibility of TRIPs with the CBD||47|
The majority of developing countries began their independence with patent laws which had been written by their former colonial rulers, for example the Indian Patents and Designs Act of 1911, or were closely based on such laws. Later, however, many developing countries considered that such laws, which generally gave strong patent protection, were not appropriate to their stage of
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Publication information: Book title: Patents for Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biotechnology:Fundamentals of Global Law, Practice, and Strategy. Contributors: Philip W. Grubb - Author. Publisher: Oxford University Press. Place of publication: Oxford. Publication year: 1999. Page number: 34.
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