Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

By Daniel J. Garland; John A. Wise et al. | Go to book overview

Series Foreword

Barry H. Kantowitz Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center

The domain of transportation is important for both practical and theoretical reasons. All of us are users of transportation systems as operators, passengers, and consumers. From a scientific viewpoint, the transportation domain offers an opportunity to create and test sophisticated models of human behavior and cognition. This series covers both practical and theoretical aspects of human factors in transportation, with an emphasis on their interaction.

The series is intended as a forum for researchers and engineers interested in how people function within transportation systems. All modes of transportation are relevant, and all human factors and ergonomic efforts that have explicit implications for transportation systems fall within the series purview. Analytic efforts are important to link theory and data. The level of analysis can be as small as one person, or international in scope. Empirical data can be from a broad range of methodologies, including laboratory research, simulator studies, test tracks, operational tests, fieldwork, design reviews, or surveys. This broad scope is intended to maximize the utility of the series for readers with diverse backgrounds.

I expect the series to be useful for professionals in the disciplines of human factors, ergonomics, transportation engineering, experimental psychology, cognitive science, sociology, and safety engineering. It is intended to appeal to the transportation specialist in industry, government, or academia, as well as the researcher in need of a testbed for new ideas about the interface between people and complex systems.

This volume is focused on the aviation domain. It combines theoretical views of human performance, methodological issues, and practical implications, thus achieving a major goal of the series, which is to demonstrate the interaction between practical and theoretical aspects of human factors. Section I introduces aviation human factors, discussing history, methodology, and organizational factors. Section II reviews theoretical underpinnings as related to individual and crew performance. Section III focuses on parameters related to the aircraft itself, while Section IV considers air traffic control from a systems perspective. Section V covers aviation operations and design, including avionics, maintenance, security, and accident investigation. Forthcoming books in this series will continue this blend of practical and theoretical perspectives on transportation human factors.

-xi-

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Handbook of Aviation Human Factors
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Human Factors in Transportation ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • I Introduction 1
  • 1: A Historical Overview of Human Factors in Aviation 3
  • References 13
  • 2: Aviation Research and Development: A Framework for the Effective Practice of Human Factors, or "What Your Mentor Never Told You About a Career in Human Factors . . ." 15
  • 3: Measurement in Aviation Systems 33
  • Summary Appraisal 46
  • References 47
  • 4: Underpinnings of System Evaluation 51
  • References 66
  • 5: Organizational Factors Associated With Safety and Mission Success in Aviation Environments 67
  • Conclusion 100
  • Acknowledgments 101
  • References 101
  • II Human Capabilities and Performance 105
  • 6: Processes Underlying Human Performance 107
  • Conclusion 166
  • References 168
  • 7: Automation in Aviation: A Human Factors Perspective 173
  • Conclusion 189
  • Acknowledgments 190
  • References 190
  • 8: Team Processes and Their Training in Aviation 193
  • References 211
  • 9: Crew Resource Management: A Time for Reflection 215
  • Conclusions 230
  • Acknowledgments 232
  • References 232
  • 10: Fatigue and Biological Rhythms 235
  • References 250
  • 11: Situation Awareness in Aviation Systems 257
  • References 274
  • 12: Aviation Personnel Selection and Training 277
  • References 305
  • III Aircraft 309
  • 13: Pilot Performance 311
  • References 323
  • 14: Controls, Displays, and Workplace Design 327
  • Conclusions 352
  • References 353
  • 15: Flight Simulation 355
  • Conclusion 384
  • Acknowledgments 384
  • References 384
  • 16: Human Factors Considerations in Aircraft Cabin Design 389
  • Conclusion 403
  • References 403
  • 17: Helicopter Human Factors 405
  • Summary 423
  • References 428
  • IV Air Traffic Control 429
  • 18: Air Traffic Control 431
  • Suggested Reading 454
  • 19: Air Traffic Controller Memory: Capabilities, Limitations, and Volatility 455
  • References 488
  • 20: Air Traffic Control Automation 497
  • References 515
  • 21: Human Factors in Air Traffic Control/Flight Deck Integration: Implications of Data-Link Simulation Research 519
  • References 544
  • V Aviation Operations And Design 547
  • 22: Human Factors of Functionality and Intelligent Avionics 549
  • Conclusion 563
  • References 564
  • 23: Weather Information Presentation 567
  • References 588
  • 24: Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance 591
  • References 603
  • 25: Human Factors in U.S. Civil Aviation Security 607
  • Epilogue 630
  • References 630
  • 26: Aviation Incident and Accident Investigation 631
  • Conclusion 640
  • References 641
  • 27: Forensic Aviation Human Factors [Accident/Incident Analyses for Legal Proceedings] 643
  • Introduction 644
  • References 668
  • Author Index 669
  • Subject Index 685
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