Among the more important cultural and social treatments are N. M. Blake, A Short History of American Life ( McGraw-Hill, 1952); R. H. Gabriel, The Course of American Democratic Thought ( Ronald, 1940); A. M. Schlesinger and D. R. Fox, eds., A History of American Life, 13 vols. ( Macmillan, 1927- 1948); and H. S. Commager , The American Mind ( Yale, 1950). Among the more useful reference works are the Dictionary of American History, 6 vols. ( 1940) and the Dictionary of American Biography, 22 vols. ( 1928- 1936).
RELIGIOUS HISTORIES AND INTERPRE- TATIVE STUDIES: Old but standard in the field are H. K. Carroll, The Religious Forces of the United States, and L. W. Bacon, A History of American Christianity (The Christian Literature Company, 1893 and 1897). More recent works of value are R. H. Abrams, ed., Organized Religion in the United States (Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, March, 1948); D. Jenkins, Europe and America: Their Contributions to the World Church ( Westminster, 1951); H. R. Niebuhr, The Kingdom of God in America ( Harper, 1937); W. L. Sperry , Religion in America ( Cambridge, 1945); W. W. Sweet, The American Churches: An Interpretation ( Abingdon, 1947); and W. W. Sweet, American Culture and Religion ( Southern Methodist, 1951). For incisive treatments of American Protestantism see J. C. Brauer, Protestantism in America ( Westminster, 1953); W. S. Hudson , The Great Tradition of the American Churches ( Harper, 1953); F. E. Mayer, The Religious Bodies of America ( Concordia, 1954); R. E. Osborn , The Spirit of American Christianity ( Harper, 1958); and G. M.Stephenson