Central Asia in Transition: Dilemmas of Political and Economic Development

By Boris Z. Rumer | Go to book overview

4
Uzbekistan: A National Path to the Market

Rustam Dosumov

The sovereign and independent Republic of Uzbekistan, located in the middle of Central Asia, was formed in the wake of the collapse of the former Soviet Union. Earlier, as an integral component of the "all-union" economy, Uzbekistan functioned mainly as a raw resource base, had an unequal economic exchange, and was had to follow the dictates of central authorities in Moscow. With the acquisition of independence, it became necessary to choose a form of government and a strategy for social and economic development that would ensure a transition to market relations. That national path for transition to a market economy synthesizes foreign experience with its own demographic, social-cultural, economic, and other peculiarities. The first results of this approach (during 1991-94) demonstrate the effectiveness of the Uzbek model for making the transition to market relations; as implemented during the first stage of economic reform, that model had a formal theoretical foundation and official endorsement for specific measures. The key to the model is a combination of strong social policy with reform of the national economy, while giving due respect for the equal rights of property.


On the Eve of Choosing a Distinctive Path

Territory and Geographic Position

Uzbekistan is located in the middle of Central Asia, in the basin of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers. Its territory covers

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Central Asia in Transition: Dilemmas of Political and Economic Development
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Tables and Figures vii
  • Preface xi
  • Notes xvii
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • 1 - Disintegration and Reintegration in Central Asia: Dynamics and Prospects 1
  • Notes 64
  • 2- Transnational Corporations in Central Asia 67
  • Conclusions 102
  • 3 - Economic Development in the States Of Central Asia 106
  • Notes 134
  • 4 - Uzbekistan: A National Path to the Market 136
  • Conclusion 163
  • 5 - Kyrgyzstan: Economic Crisis And Transition Strategy 166
  • Notes 197
  • 6 - Kazakhstan: Problems and Prospects Of Reform and Development 198
  • Notes 226
  • 7 - An Alternative Perspective on the Economic Development of Kazakhstan 227
  • 8 - The Experiences of Transitional Economies In East Asia: Implications for Central Asia 237
  • Notes 270
  • 9 - Afterword 273
  • Notes 274
  • Selected Bibliography 275
  • Contributors 279
  • Index 281
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