International Organizations in Which the United States Participates

By Laurence F. Schmeckebier | Go to book overview
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INTERNATIONAL BUREAU OF THE PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION
In 1899 there met at The Hague what is generally known as the First Hague Peace Conference, called by the government of the Netherlands at the suggestion of Russia. The circular note of the Russian government proposing the conference mentioned only the reduction of armaments, but the circular note of that government outlining the program proposed eight subjects for discussion, as follows:
1. An understanding stipulating the non-augmentation, for a term to be agreed upon, of the present effective armed land and sea forces, as well as the war budgets pertaining to them; preliminary study of the ways in which even a reduction of the aforesaid effectives and budgets could be realized in the future.
2. Interdiction of the employment in armies and fleets of new firearms of every description and of new explosives, as well as powder more powerful than the kinds used at present, both for guns and cannons.
3. Limitation of the use in field fighting of explosives of a formidable power, such as are now in use, and prohibition of the discharge of any kind of projectile or explosive from balloons or by similar means.
4. Prohibition of the use in naval battles of submarine or diving torpedo boats, or of other engines of destruction of the same nature; agreement not to construct in the future warships armed with rams.
5. Adaptation to naval war of the stipulations of the Geneva convention of 1864, on the base of the additional articles of 1868.
6. Neutralization, for the same reason, of boats or launches employed in the rescue of the shipwrecked during or after naval battles.

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