BUREAUFor many years the principal maritime nations have
maintained organizations for making surveys of navigable waters, the issuance of charts, and the publication of
data for the benefit of mariners, but an international organization is a comparatively recent development.Prior to 1884, E. R. Knorr of the Hydrographic Office
of the United States Navy prepared an unpublished
memoir urging international action for the improvement
of the hydrographic work of various governments. In 1884, after his proposal had been rejected and he had
retired from the Hydrographic Office, Knorr published
privately a pamphlet outlining the main features of his
plan. The four main features were as follows: International co-operation in surveys of non-national waters,
establishment of an international board to have charge of
surveys of common interest, conferences of hydrographers at regular periods, and exchange of electrotype altos
of original copper plate engravings.The details to be undertaken by the proposed permanent bureau were as follows:
|1. ||To exchange statements of what had been done by each
of the hydrographic institutes in the period preceding the convention and what they intended to take in hand in the period
|2. ||To discuss what hydrographic labors, inclusive of the erection of lights and planting of sea marks, are desirable and most
pressing in the parts of the globe where there is a common interest, especially in the common domain, and where the home
governments are not prepared for such work;|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: International Organizations in Which the United States Participates.
Contributors: Laurence F. Schmeckebier - Author.
Publisher: Brookings Institution.
Place of publication: Washington, DC.
Publication year: 1935.
Page number: 283.
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