Health Care Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries

By Rais Akhtar | Go to book overview
Save to active project

1
Planning and Implementing Community Participation in Health Programmes

IAN D. ASKEW

In recent years the term community participation has been appearing with increasing regularity in the policy statements of national health programmes and international funding agencies, as well as in the literature describing certain health care projects and programmes. Despite the obvious popularity of the term and the apparently strong commitment that most of those involved in health and development seem to have to community participation, there is still a vagueness attached to the concept which seems to put it beyond specific definition. This vagueness has allowed an apparently endless variety of development projects to be labelled community participation, particularly among those concerned with health care and family planning.

The interest in reorienting health care away from the conventional clinic-based medical service delivery system and towards a community-based participatory approach grew strongly in the early 1970s following the documentation of a number of "successful" projects. 1 The ideas underlying these health care projects, both governmental and non-governmental, were incorporated and endorsed by the United Nations system through the concept of Primary Health Care (PHC). 2 Since the Alma Ata Declaration, the PHC approach has come to dominate the field of health care planning in developing countries with particular emphasis on community participation. Community participation has been termed the "heart" of Primary Health Care 3 and the prominence given to the concept in the Declaration of Alma Ata 4 certainly supports this:

Primary Health Care is essential health care based on appropriate and acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community

-3-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Health Care Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 336

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?