Health Care Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries

By Rais Akhtar | Go to book overview
Save to active project

8
Use of Location-Allocation Models for Improving the Geographical Accessibility of Rural Services in Developing Countries

GERARD RUSHTON

Many developing countries are in the process of selecting new locations for providing basic human services to rural populations. These location decisions are critically important to development because a large proportion of their population is rural and their transport and communication systems are often poorly developed and costly to use. Many national governments and international agencies have recognized this fact and have responded with planning efforts to improve locational decision making. They realize that in the future it will be difficult to modify location patterns that are being determined today.

Beginning in the 1960s and widely applied in the 1970s, location-allocation methods are the only formal methods that have been developed to find optimal locations when many alternative locations exists. These methods evaluate alternative combinations of feasible locations and select the combination that performs best with respect to a defined objective (see Hansen, Peeters and Thisse, 1983; Hodgart, 1978).

This chapter reviews applications of location-allocation models in developing countries and comments on some areas of locational decision making where these models would appear to be useful but where they have not in fact been used. The chapter concludes by suggesting areas of research that would improve the potential of existing optimizing methods for improving the location of services in developing countries.

-147-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Health Care Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 336

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?