The following abbreviations are used throughout the notes.
| CDH|| Center for Dubuque History Archives, Loras College, Dubuque, Iowa|
| CFHS|| Cedar Falls Historical Society Archives, Cedar Falls, Iowa|
| DSSM|| Dominican Sisters Archives, Sinsinawa Mound, Wisconsin|
| ISHDDM|| Iowa State Historical Division Archives, Des Moines, Iowa|
| ISHDIC|| Iowa State Historical Division Archives, Iowa City, Iowa|
| MHS|| Minnesota Historical Society Archives, St. Paul, Minnesota|
| NAHA|| Norwegian-American Historical Association Archives, St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota|
| SHSW|| State Historical Society of Wisconsin Archives, Madison, Wisconsin|
| UILSC|| University of Iowa Library Special Collections, Iowa City, Iowa|
Papers Works Progress Administration Papers|
Albert Barnes, Home Missions: A Sermon in Behalf of the American Home Missionary Society
( New York: William Osborn, 1849), 11, 12 (emphasis added). For a similar argument, see Albert Barnes, Plea in Behalf of Western Colleges ( Philadelphia: William Sloanaker, 1846). Barnes ( 1798- 1870) was a New School Presbyterian who, in league with Lyman Beecher
and Charles G. Finney, promoted a Protestant revival in the middle decades of the nineteenth century.
Barnes, Home Missions, 12-14.
See, Reginald Horsman, "Origins of Racial Anglo-Saxonism in Great Britain before
1850," Journal of the History of Ideas 37 ( 1976): 387-410, and
Barbara Miller Solomon, Ancestors and Immigrants: A Changing New England Tradition ( Cambridge: Harvard University
See Susan E. Gray, The Yankee West: Community Life on the Michigan Frontier ( Chapel
Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996); Lois Kimbell Mathews, The Expansion of
New England: The Spread of New England Settlement and Institutions to the Mississippi River, 1620-
1865 ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1909); and Richard Lyle Power, Planting Corn Belt Culture: The Impress of the Upland Southerner and Yankee in the Old Northwest ( Indianapolis: Indiana
Historical Society Publications, 1953).
See Kathleen Neils Conzen, Making Their Own America: Assimilation Theory and the German Peasant Pioneer ( New York: Berg, 1990); Jon Gjerde, From Peasants to Farmers: The Migration from Balestrand, Norway, to the Upper Middle West ( New York: Cambridge University
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Minds of the West:Ethnocultural Evolution in the Rural Middle West, 1830-1917.
Contributors: Jon Gjerde - Author.
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press.
Place of publication: Chapel Hill, NC.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 327.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.