Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993

By Timothy J. Colton; Jerry F. Hough | Go to book overview
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Notes
1.
Interview with Aleksandr Zhavoronskii and Victor Raikel', December 8, 1993.
2.
Interview with A. N. Gordeyev, December 11, 1993.
3.
"Saratov Residents on Establishment of German Republic," Izvestiya, April 20, 1992, p. 2. Reprinted in FBIS-USR-92-051, May 1, 1992, p. 54.
4.
The issue was subject to mass referendum in the oblast in 1992 and failed. The Engels soviet voted to reject the formation of the homeland and appealed to the Russian Congress of People's Deputies not to ratify the republic without considering the referendum results. The Congress complied.
5.
A journalist from St. Petersburg, Lysenko wrote for the nationalist newspapers Nash Sovremennik and Molodaya Gvardia. The NRPR organized in thirty-six other regions in Russia but failed to collect enough signatures to appear on the ballot. The Saratov Homeland Union allied with the NRPR, resulting in the nomination of its chair to run on the unsuccessful party list. Other nationalist organizations in Saratov were the Association of Patriotic Strength, the Patriotic Movement of the 11th of February, and the National Salvation Front.
6.
Interviews with Aleksandr Kuz'min, vice chair of the Balashov organization, December 6, 1993, and Vladimir Fedotov, chair of Civic Union, December 9, 1993.
7.
Joseph A. Schlesinger, Political Parties and the Winning of Office ( University of Michigan Press, 1991), p. 33.
8.
Interview with Yurii Chemyshev, a Yabloko activist, December 2, 1993.
9.
Smaller branches did not receive monetary or material support from the oblast organization. In the case of Balashov, the local patron was a city official appointed through the presidential network. Interview with Kuz'min, December 6, 1993.
10.
Interview with Yelena Dublenko, December 5, 1993.
11.
The Russia's Choice list included Vladimir Yuzhakov, the director of Privolzhki Cadre Center (formally the Higher Party School), and the two candidates from Saratov and Engels districts, Yevgenii Motomyi, a private entrepreneur, and Victor Markov, a law professor.
12.
On December 11, Yabloko published an open letter warning voters that they were following the road to extremism. They attacked Lysenko and likened him to Hitler. Saratov, no. 219 ( December 11, 1993), p. 1. Twelve candidates from six parties signed a letter condemning Lysenko. Saratovskiye Vesti, no. 249 ( December 8, 1993), p. 1.
13.
The list included Vladimir Sanatin, chair of the organization; Denis Yastrebov, economics graduate student at the Polytechnic Institute; and Konstantin Kondrat'ev, researcher at the Agricultural Institute.
14.
The bloc nominated the leader of the Social Democratic party, Nikitin, to run in Saratov and then withdrew its nomination because of Nikitin's dissension from the party program. Sergun compromised her party membership by appearing

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