Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993

By Timothy J. Colton; Jerry F. Hough | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Tatarstan Elite Bargaining and Ethnic Separatism

Pauline Jones Luong

THE DECEMBER 1993 electoral experience in Tatarstan both sets this ethnic republic apart from the other regions discussed in this volume and places it center stage. Tatarstan presents the only case in this volume in which the election to the Federal Assembly effectively failed to take place--that is, the national parliamentary election in the Tatar Republic was invalidated by insufficient voter turnout, just over 13 percent and well below the required 25 percent. 1 At the same time, Tatarstan is perhaps the most dramatic illustration of the gap between the intentions of the Moscow elite in engineering a founding election in December 1993 and the actual outcomes that this election produced. In other words, the December 1993 election was not only about consolidating democracy in Russia but also fundamentally concerned the future integrity of the Russian Federation itself President Boris Yeltsin's own emphasis on garnering support for the constitution rather than on the new parliament preceding the election is a clear indicator that, as much as Yeltsin and the Moscow elite wanted to solidify their own roles in a democratic Russia, they wanted at least as much, if not more, to solidify the Russian Federation. Instead, the December 1993 election in Tatarstan invoked existing separatist tendencies among the re

I wish to thank all of those individuals in Tatarstan who were interviewed or provided information for their assistance with this chapter. None of these individuals, however, are accountable for the analysis presented.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 750

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?