On the customary procedure in drafting the codes, see Leverett S. Lyon and Associates, The National Recovery Administration, Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1935, Part 2.
G. D. H. Cole
In Great Britain, there were already, in the eighteenth century, a number of statutes forbidding workers' combinations in particular trades. Moreover, the courts of law had shown a growing tendency to outlaw all such combinations on the ground that their effect was to "restrain trade" by interfering with the "natural" liberty of all men to dispose of their labor as they wished. But, on account of the cumbrousness of the legal procedure, these repressive measures were not very effective. The principal purpose of the Combination Acts of 1799 and 1800 was to make them more so, both by declaring unequivocally that combinations were unlawful --indeed, criminal conspiracies against the public interest--and by providing simpler ways of proceeding against offenders. The campaign for the Acts was begun by certain employers in the machine-making industries, who demanded that the combinations among their own skilled employees, the millwrights, should be suppressed. The cry was taken up by anti-revolutionary politicians, who substituted for the particular measure directed against the millwrights a general prohibition of all workers' industrial combinations; and this prohibition remained in force until 1824, when, Napoleon having been defeated and the fear of revolution having
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Publication information: Book title: Man, Work, and Society:A Reader in the Sociology of Occupations. Contributors: Sigmund Nosow - Author, William H. Form - Author. Publisher: Basic Books. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1962. Page number: 176.
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