PABLO. There are two characters named Pablo in Death Comes for the Archbishop. The first is a philanderer who lives in Padre Martínez' parish in Taos and works on Manuel Lujon's ranch. The second Pablo is the banjo player and house servant of the Olivares; it is rumored that DoUI+00F1a Isabella is in love with him. N: DC II, 1
PACIFIST. In One of Ours, Claude Wheeler's brother Bayliss is a "pacifist" and opposes World War I. As the war spread across Europe, William Jennings Bryan (q.v.), a famous early twentieth-century pacifist leader, advised pacifists to make their views known to elected officials, arguing that the investment of a few cents in the cause now could save both dollars and lives. Pacifist organizations had grown up under such names as American Union against Militarism, Women's Peace Party, American Neutrality League, Anti-Conscription League, and Emergency Peace Federation. However, after the United States entered World War I on April 6, 1917, Bryan changed his tune. He offered his personal services to President Woodrow Wilson (see PRESIDENT), and most of the pacifist organizations immediately fell in line. Those that did not were suppressed. N: OnO III, 8
PACKINGTOWN (Chicago). When Thea Kronborg ( The Song of the Lark) first moves to Chicago, she has no desire to visit the usual points of interest. She does, however, wish to visit the packinghouses, and is escorted to Packingtown (Packing Town) by an ardent young Swede named Eckman. With the Union Stock Yard, Packingtown forms the world's largest unit for marketing livestock and processing meat, occupying 400 acres of pens and packing plants. The Union Stock Yard was organized in 1865 by John B. Sherman, and a few years later, Armour, Swift, Morris and Co. built their plants adjacent to it. See also STOCKYARDS. N: SoL II, 5; P:Str
PADAN-ARAM. Greek Mesopotamia, the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, is alluded to in "The Affair at Grover Station" to emphasize the ancient source of the evil Freymark's Asiatic blood. The narrator says that the blood of Freymark's race "was already old when Jacob tended the flocks of Laban upon the hills of Padan Aram." The name of Padan-Aram was especially applied to the area that borders the Euphrates. It was the home of Laban. S:Af
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Publication information: Book title: A Reader's Companion to the Fiction of Willa Cather. Contributors: John March - Author, Marilyn Arnold - Editor, Debra Lynn Thornton - Editor. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1993. Page number: 561.