France Restored: Cold War Diplomacy and the Quest for Leadership in Europe, 1944-1954

By William I. Hitchcock | Go to book overview

NOTES

NOTE ON THE SOURCES

In 1994, the French Foreign Ministry archives renumbered many of the files relating to France's European diplomacy. I had already completed the bulk of my research by then, and so most of the notes use the old numbering system. However, I continued to do research after the reorganization, and used the new numbering system in my citations. Thus, in parts of chapters 4 and 5 and most of chapter 6, I have added an asterisk (*) to indicate where the new numbering system has been used.

Unless otherwise noted, translations of French-language sources are my own.


ABBREVIATIONS

In addition to the abbreviations used in the text, the following source abbreviations are utilized in the notes.

AN Archives Nationales, Paris
DBPO Documents on British Policy Overseas
DDF Documents Diplomatiques Français
FRUS Foreign Relations of the United States
MAE Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, Paris
NARA National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.
PRO Public Record Office, Kew

INTRODUCTION
1.
Milward, The Reconstruction of Western Europe, 501.
2.
Elgey's two volumes on the Fourth Republic, La République des illusions and La République des contradictions, make wonderful reading, but the author was drawn more to scandal, deceit, and personalities than to policy. Fauvet, in La IVème République, provides a useful overview but emphasizes the political and institutional failures of the regime. Two other negative assessments may be found in Werth, France, 1940-1955, and de la Gorce, Apogée et mort de la IVème République, which stresses the colonial wars of the period. A contemporary American assessment was given by Schoenbrun, As France Goes. For an effort to rehabilitate the Fourth Republic, one that curiously neglects the positive record in foreign affairs and economic policy, see Fonvielle-Alquier, Plaidoyer pour la IVème République. The most thorough, and on balance favorable, assessment of the period is offered in Rioux, The Fourth Republic. Eisenhower quotation cited in Steininger, "John Foster Dulles, the European Defense Community, and the German Question,"88.
3.
Gerbet, Le relèvement; Young, France, the Cold War, and the Western Alliance; Buffet, Mourir pour Berlin; Bossuat, La France, l'aide américaine et la construction européenne; Wall, The United States and the Making of Postwar France; Gillingham, Coal, Steel, and the Rebirth of Europe; Poidevin, Robert Schuman, l'homme d'état; Dalloz, Georges Bidault; Kuisel, Capitalism and the State in Modern France.
4.
Wall, The United States and the Making of Postwar France, 8. The French title

-211-

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