2. The Second Sage andIt may come as a surprise to many to learn that
in terms of personal persuasive power and overall influence on China's traditional statecraft, Mencius may have been more prominent than Confucius, even though he is known to have
studied under a disciple of the Great Master's
grandson and subsequently has been honored as
the "Second Sage" by Chinese emperors and
scholars. In his delightful book Three Ways of
Thought in Ancient China, Arthur Waley chose
Mencius to represent the Confucian school vis-à-
vis the Taoists and the Legalists.
the First Emperor
We have no accurate dates for Mencius' life; but we know that he
flourished in 300 B.C., more than 700 years after the Zhou dynasty was
established, which is mentioned in passing in the last chapter of the
book The Discources of Mencius. His birthplace in today's Shandong
Province is some 700 miles east of Xi'an.
Mencius lived in one of the most unstable periods of Chinese history: during the waning days of the Zhou dynasty, the ruling house fell
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: China, a Macro History.
Contributors: Ray Huang - Author.
Publisher: M. E. Sharpe.
Place of publication: Armonk, NY.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 12.
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