Western Lands and the American Revolution

By Thomas Perkins Abernethy | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER IV
VIRGINIA'S INDIAN BOUNDARY

WHEN Sir William Johnson agreed with the Six Nations that they would surrender their claim to all territory lying south of the Ohio River as far down as the Tennessee and that traders who lost goods in 1763 would be compensated by a grant of land, his negotiations concerned territory not in his own department but in that of John Stuart, the Southern superintendent. It is certain that neither Sir William nor any of the group with which he was associated had any organized designs on the area lying below the Little Kanawha. Why then did he make this plan so early and go to so much trouble to carry it through at Fort Stanwix in 1768? Here is a mystery the documents do not solve, and one is left to formulate the best theory which appears to fit the facts. Sir William knew that the lands which the "suffering traders" coveted were admitted to lie within Virginia, and that the old Ohio Company was still pressing its claim to this same area. He would, therefore, very naturally have expected trouble from that quarter over the traders' grant. But he knew also that Virginia was keenly anxious to extend her western boundary against the Indians, and a new cession from the Six Nations would be of some assistance toward that end. The fact that Dr. Thomas Walker, the accredited agent of Virginia for that purpose, gave his unqualified sanction at Fort Stanwix to this arrangement certainly tends to substantiate the view that a bargain had been made in advance. Indeed, while the treaty was in progress of negotiation, Thomas Wharton in Philadelphia heard something that caused him to become alarmed over possible opposition from Virginia. Croghan wrote him that if he had read his brother Samuel's last letter, he would have known that there was nothing to fear from that quarter.1

Dr. Walker had served as commissary for Virginia troops during the French and Indian War. In that capacity he had visited Philadelphia and become acquainted with Benjamin Franklin and some of the important merchants. His home in Virginia was near that of Peter Jefferson. After the death of Jefferson he acted as guardian for the fatherless, red-headed, freckle-faced lad, Thomas Jefferson. Walker had powerful connections

____________________
1
Also Johnson to Hillsborough, June 26, 1769, P.R.O., C.O., series 5, 70.

-59-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Western Lands and the American Revolution
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 410

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?