OUTSIDE Of Venice the strains of artistic breeding were as much commingled as ever; Venetian influence appears everywhere, but the local quality is retained in certain schools.
Ferrara. --Famous High Renaissance masters appeared in the Emilia--Dosso Dossi and Garofalo at Ferrara, Correggio, as we have seen, near by, and lesser masters. Ferrara again, as it had earlier, became more important than Bologna, and remained so until the time of the Bologna Carracci.
Dosso Dossi , 1479-1542.--A master of real gifts, Giovanni Luteri, called Dosso Dossi, was the most important of the Ferrara school after Tura. A decline from Tura is marked in his strong, unrefined colour, his exotic picturesqueness, his intelligence, in place of insight or emotion, his eclecticism; yet there is also a romance, an heroic quality, a fascination, a personal inspiration. His quality, never quite simple, is cumulative and modern, and to be understood must be studied in all his works. In presumably early work the native tradition survives, as in the Annunciation ( Ferrara). This soon yields to the influence of Venice in the Circe of the Borghese. Here is a reflection of Giorgione's poetry through del Piombo (?), and a humanistic feeling along with the romance, a quality which develops later on. This development is seen in the fine Hercules at Graz,2 and in the Jupiter, Mercury, Venus, and Iris (Visnao), a masterpiece which shows the complete modernity of his style. This literary humanism is his most original quality, but an extra-artistic one, which fails to bring him into the highest rank. Dossi is the last great name in Ferrarese art, but there is an afterglow of talent which merges into the____________________