A Short History of Italian Painting

By Alice Van Vechten Brown; William Rankin | Go to book overview

ROME, NAPLES, SICILY

THE unimportant schools of South Italy include those of Rome,1 Naples, and Lower Italy and Sicily,2and belong almost exclusively to the Late Renaissance. From 1300 foreign influences dominate. Not until the 16th century can native schools be properly distinguished, and they were derivative even then. At Rome during the 14th and 15th centuries artists came from Florence, Umbria, Siena, Lombardy, and Venice, and the native painters worked under their influence. In the small towns of Latium and the Abruzzi obscure provincials are found usually affiliated with Umbrian or Umbro-Florentine artists.3 ANTONIAZZO ROMANO,4a pupil of Melozzo, indicates ability in the group, but it is a third-rate derivative talent at the best, and no other Roman of the time emerges. The same was true of Naples, where Cavallini, Giotto, and Simone had worked, and where North Italian5and Flemishs6styles appeared. This dependence is continued into the High Renaissance ( 16th century), when Rome is crowded with works by Raphael's followers, and by other decadents. Hosts of imported painters were working in all sorts of manners, only brought into a sort of unity by the influence of their surroundings.7 Naples continued to share the same outside influences,8 and in the Baroque period its art, under

____________________
1
Including Latium and the Abruzzi.
2
The school of Genoa (p. 309 f.) properly belongs here.
3
Cola d'Amatrice, of the Abruzzi, is a type, a robust imitator of the Peruginesque style; and Lorenzo da Viterbo, a follower of the style of Gozzoli and P. della Francesca.
4
Noted p. 147 and n. 3, p. 309 f.
5
As that of Leonardo da Besozzo of Milan, Frescoes, Naples, 1458.
6
Nothing is definitely known about the French and Flemish works (E. 15th c.). S. Jerome in his Study, Naples, is one of the best.
7
See the ZUCCARI, CAV. D'ARPINO TEMPESTA, POLIDORE CARAVAGGIO, a facile and florid decorator, DANIELE DA VOLTERRA.
8
Early 16th c. Tuscan and Umbrian influences; works attrib. to Perugino and Pinturicchio; probably Antonio da Solario (not Andrea), the Lombard- Venetian (see Boll. d'A., I, fasc. XII), was in Naples; also Cesare da Sesto and Francesco Napolitano. Note Raphael's influence. See L. Sessa, L'Arte, VIII, 340-54. The account of the early painters of Naples, Vile, et., by de

-311-

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A Short History of Italian Painting
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations xiii
  • Note on Technical Terms xvii
  • List of Abbreviations xix
  • Part I - The MediÆval Period and Proto-Renaissance 1
  • Mediæval 3
  • Proto-Renaissance 9
  • Siena to 1400 18
  • The School of Simone Martini 26
  • Forence to 1400 40
  • Early North Italy 71
  • Early Umbria 83
  • Giovanni and Antonio of Murano 97
  • Part II - The Early Renaissance in Florence and Central Italy 99
  • Masolino and Masaccio 101
  • Fra Angelico 110
  • Other Fifteenth-Century Florentines 116
  • The Umbro-Florentines 139
  • Siena from About 1400 to 1500 148
  • Renaissance Umbria 153
  • Part III - The Early Renaissance in Padua and Venice and Renaissance North Italy 165
  • Squarcione 1394-1474 167
  • Antonello Da Messina C. 1430-1479 168
  • Carlo Crivelli - 1440?-After 1493 169
  • Renaissance North Italy 198
  • Part IV - The Florentine High Renaissance and Raphael 209
  • Leonardo Da Vinci - 1452-1519 211
  • Lesser High Renaissance Painters 225
  • Michelangelo - 1475-1564 234
  • Raphael Sanzio - 1483-1520 and Followers 246
  • Part V - High Renaissance Venice 261
  • Jacopo Palma Vecchio - 1480 263
  • Giorgione 264
  • Sebastiano Del Piombo - C. 1485-1547 269
  • Tintoretto and Veronese 278
  • I Tintoretto - 1518-1592 279
  • Paolo Veronese - 1528-1588 286
  • Minor Followers of Giorgione and Titian 289
  • Part VI - North Italy in the High Renaissance 297
  • High Renaissance North Italy 299
  • Minor High Renaissance Painters of North Italy 305
  • Rome, Naples, Sicily 311
  • The Late Renaissance and Baroque 313
  • Index to Artists and Paintings Mentioned 337
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