Training and Development
EFFECTIVE TRAINING PROGRAMS attract and retain able employees by developing their skills, giving them a sense of progress, and helping them prepare for advancement. The main purpose of training in any work situation is to develop people to perform at their highest potential in carrying out the agency program. A second purpose grows out of today's manpower shortages: to impart skills that cannot be hired in adequate number in the labor market.
The Municipal Manpower Commission says: "Local governments must develop APT [administrative, professional, and technical] personnel for broader professional and executive duties. . . . there is a special need for updating the knowledge and developing the capabilities and understanding of APT people."1
Certain conditions must prevail if training programs are to serve their intended purposes successfully:
First, the responsibility for training should be assumed by top management as one of its major responsibilities. Since top management bears the ultimate responsibility for carrying on government programs, it should similarly assume the burden of developing an adequate supply of manpower at all levels of responsibility with sufficient skills____________________