Early Christian Origins: Studies in Honor of Harold R. Willoughby

By Allen Wikgren | Go to book overview

VIII
"THE BLACK ONE"

S. Vernon McCasland UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA

As is well known, the name Satan, which was used only a few times in the Old Testament ( II Chron. 21:1; Job 1:4--2:7; Zech. 3: 1), is a standard name in the New Testament.1 Originally it meant simply the adversary, but finally it became the most common name for the arch-spirit of evil. We are not concerned with Beliar ( II Cor. 6:15) or with Beelzebul, which appears in Mark 3:22 and its parallels ( Matt. 10:25; 12:24, 27; Luke 1:15, 18, 19), as alternate names of Satan. As they stand they are metonyms, but each of them at first probably was the name of some particular spirit or deity. Another picturesque and familiar metonym is Destroyer, which occurs in Rev. 9:11 as Abaddon, from Hebrew, or Apollyon, from Greek.

The Devil as a metonym or alternate name was first used in biblical literature in Wisdom of Solomon 2:24, but after that it frequently appeared in late apocryphal documents.2 In the New Testament the name Devil is used so often as to be in no need of documentation.

Certain metonyms indicate that Satan is prince over a realm. In Mark 3:22 and its parallels in Matthew and Luke he is the Prince of demons. John 12:31 refers to him as the Prince of this world, but in Eph. 2:2 he is Prince of the powers of the air. I Tim. 5:14 makes him simply the Adversary (τῳ + ̑ ἀντικειμένῳ), which shows that the author recalled the original meaning of the word Satan, and I Pet. 5:8 indicates the same thing.

It was also Wisdom of Solomon 2:24 which first identified the

____________________
1
A research of mine published about a decade ago dealt with "Some New Testament Metonyms for God" ( JBL, LXVIII [ 1949], 99-113), and the present paper is an extension of that study to include New Testament metonyms for Satan.
2
The Books of Adam and Eve 10:2, 12:1, 13:1; 17:1, 3; Apoc. Mos. 15:3 16:1, 2, 5; 17:4; 21:3; II En. 31:3; III Bar. 4:8.

-77-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Early Christian Origins: Studies in Honor of Harold R. Willoughby
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 166

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.