Beijing Spring, 1989: Confrontation and Conflict: the Basic Documents

By Michel Oksenberg; Lawrence R. Sullivan et al. | Go to book overview

economy under such circumstances will only result in astonishing social catastrophes, including corruption in society, price increases, and great disorder in society. If such an eventuality does happen, a powerful authority is needed to separate the official circles from the market.

This is the "political and economic dualism" repeatedly advocated by Rong Jian. Rong Jian repeatedly called for nonintervention in the market by political power and stressed the implementation of free competition on an equal footing. Nevertheless, a new authority should be capable of providing the objective conditions which the economy itself cannot provide to ensure the free development of the economy. These objective conditions include those aimed at enhancing capital accumulation and effective disposition of resources as well as the laws and order indispensable to the commodity trade. In this sense, neo-authoritarianism is similar to conservative economic liberalism. History has attested that without authority, there would be no healthy development of freedom.

Neo-authoritarianism stresses not only the leader but also the decision-making group which is closely associated with the leader--on the brilliant and farsighted views, on resolute and decisive actions, on the force of overcoming obstacles, and on the capability of adapting to changing situations.

The above-mentioned is the image of the soul of neo-authoritarianism that we have imagined. Due to the lack of theoretical study, neo-authoritarianism is still rather young and immature. Because it sounds similar to autocracy and is suspected of encroaching upon freedom, neo-authoritarianism has understandably been given the cold shoulder. However, this owl has taken off, through the early dawn. I hope this article can help it open its wings wider and fly even higher.


10
Neo-Authoritarianism: An Impractical Panacea

ZHOU WENZHANG

Source: Gongren ribao (Workers daily) ( Beijing) ( February 3, 1989): 3; FBIS, February 28,pp.25-26.

Although it does not offer a well-knit, systematic, theoretical exposition, the influence of "neo-authoritarianism" is now spreading because of some scholars' enthusiastic efforts to publicize it. The core of this theory is the hope placed on a

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