Beijing Spring, 1989: Confrontation and Conflict: the Basic Documents

By Michel Oksenberg; Lawrence R. Sullivan et al. | Go to book overview

Glossary of Important Figures, Recurrent Terms, and Abbreviations
Bao Tong ( 1934-)--personal secretary to Zhao Ziyang and major theorist for economic and political reforms. Reportedly arrested; mentioned in Chen Xitong's report as a main instigator of student unrest. Former positions: member, CPC Central Propaganda Group; director of Political Structure Reform Research Center; on board of directors for CITIC's Institute for International Studies.
Bao Zunxin ( 1937-)--research fellow at CASS Institute of History; organizer of the Autonomous Intellectuals' Union and signature campaign in support of students.
Bei Dao ( 1949-)--leading contemporary poet; initiated "Petition of 33."
Bo Yibo ( 1909-)--party elder; CPC Central Advisory Commission vice-chairman; former Politburo member; economic specialist.
bourgeois liberalization--term used by the party to describe the ideas, such as democracy and free speech, advocated by students and intellectuals after December 1986. Initial campaign culminated in removal of Hu Yaobang as CPC general secretary and dismissal of Liu Binyan, Wang Ruowang, and Fang Lizhi from party.
CASS-- Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; established July 1977.
CCTV-- China Central Television
Chai Ling ( 1966-)--graduate student in psychology at Beijing Normal University; student leader of Tiananmen Square Headquarters; on government's "twenty-one most wanted" list; now living in exile in France.
Chen Xitong ( 1930-)--one of chief exponents of the crackdown; mayor of Beijing; CPC Central Committee member; deputy secretary of Beijing Party Committee; State Council councilor; delivered major report on crisis.
Chen Yun ( 1905-)--party elder; former Politburo Standing Committee member, current chairman of CPC Central Advisory Commission; specialist in economic affairs and party disciplinary work.
CITIC--China International Trust and Investment Corporation; established July 1979.
CPC--Communist Party of China (often given as CCP in the West).
CPCCC--Central Committee of the Communist Party of China; most recent elected at Thirteenth Party Congress ( 1987); 175 members, 110 alternates.
CYL--Communist Youth League.
Deng Pufang ( 1943-)--Deng Xiaoping's son; pushed out a window by Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution, making him a paraplegic; director of China Welfare Fund for the Handicapped; criticized for undue influence in allocation of state funds.

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