Masterpieces of Latin Literature: Terence: Lucretius: Catullus: Virgil: Horace: Tibullus: Propertius: Ovid: Petronius: Martial: Juvenal: Cicero: Caesar: Livy: Tacitus: Pliny the Younger: Apuleius; with Biographical Sketches and Notes

By Gordon Jennings Laing | Go to book overview

VIRGIL

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

WHILE in true poetic inspiration Virgil does not rank with Lucretius or Catullus, yet in his larger conception of the poet's function, in his more artistic handling of his themes, and in his mastery of technique he is far superior to them. He is a product of the Augustan age, with its more settled political and social atmosphere, its wider culture, and its higher ideals of literary art. We miss, it is true, the individual note that marks the work of some of the earlier poets, but in its place is something of fuller volume, an essentially national tone, emanating from one who was possessed with the idea of his country's greatness. In his Georgics he sings the praise of Italian agriculture; his Aeneid is a glorification of the Roman race.

He was born in Mantua in 70 B. C. His parents were plebeians, but sufficiently prosperous to give their son a good education. He received his first training at Cremona, went afterwards to Naples, and finally to Rome. How long he remained at the capital on this occasion is not certain, but we know from the Eclogues that he was in his native place during the troubles caused by the confiscation of lands in northern Italy for the benefit of the veterans of Octavian1 after the battle of Philippi in 42 B. C. The soldiers, not satisfied with the lands which had been assigned to them around Cremona, proceeded to seize those near Mantua; and it was only through the protection afforded him by Asinius Pollio, the legate in the district, and afterwards

____________________
Afterwards the Emperor Augustus.

-198-

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Masterpieces of Latin Literature: Terence: Lucretius: Catullus: Virgil: Horace: Tibullus: Propertius: Ovid: Petronius: Martial: Juvenal: Cicero: Caesar: Livy: Tacitus: Pliny the Younger: Apuleius; with Biographical Sketches and Notes
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Terence 1
  • Scene 2. 9
  • Scene 3. 13
  • Act III 18
  • Scene 6. 28
  • Act IV 34
  • Scene 4. 35
  • Scene 5. 41
  • Scene 6. 42
  • Act V 44
  • Scene 2. 46
  • Scene 3. 47
  • Scene 4. 49
  • Scene 6. 49
  • Lucretius 63
  • Invocation to Venus (i., 1-43.) 66
  • Atoms and Void (i., 503-550) 67
  • The Gospel According to Epicurus 71
  • The Fear of Death 76
  • Love's Extravagance 77
  • The Development of Man 78
  • Remorse 110
  • Love and Hate 124
  • At His Brother's Grave1 125
  • Cicero 127
  • To Caesar, in Gaul 162
  • To His Brother Quintus, in Gaul 164
  • To C. Trebatius Testa, in Gaul 165
  • To Atticus in Rome 166
  • Cicero and His Son to Terentia And Tullia, in Rome 167
  • To Atticus in Rome 169
  • Caesar 182
  • Virgil 198
  • Damon and Alphesiboeus 201
  • Signs of Bad Weather 210
  • After Caesar's Death 212
  • The Battle of the Bees 213
  • Horace 273
  • To Chloe 280
  • To Lydia 283
  • Simplicity 283
  • The Golden Mean 284
  • A Reconciliation 285
  • To the Spring of Bandusia 286
  • To Maecenas 287
  • Country Life 288
  • A Challenge 294
  • A Letter of Introduction 298
  • To His Book 299
  • Tibullus 302
  • A Rural Festival 303
  • Propertius 312
  • To Maecenas 313
  • A Change of View 314
  • A Roman Matron to Her Husband 318
  • Ovid 325
  • Livy 348
  • Horatius 353
  • Before the War 359
  • The Battle of Cannae (xxii., 44-49.) 362
  • The Carthaginians in Capua (xxiii., 17.) 373
  • Martial 393
  • Tacitus 399
  • Customs of the Germans 401
  • The Mutiny of the Pannonian Legions 410
  • The Great Fire at Rome 424
  • Juvenal 432
  • To Cornelius Tacitus 450
  • To Sosius Senecio 451
  • To Septicius Clarus 452
  • To Calpurnia 453
  • To Tacitus 454
  • To Sura 455
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