Structural Adjustment and African Women Farmers

By Christina H. Gladwin; Center for African Studies University of Florida | Go to book overview
covariate risks ( von Braun and Webb 1989). Nevertheless, the introduction of new technology such as that of irrigated rice tends to make women more dependent on their husbands, due to men's greater control of land and greater access to technology.
6.
Based on time series data in Malawi, fertilizer demand elasticity is estimated to be between 0.26 and 0.35 with respect to nutrient/maize price ratios; with respect to nonprice factors, this ratio is even higher at between 0.58 and 0.67 ( Lele 1988b). For Mali, Gbetibouo estimates price elasticity of demand for fertilizer to be close to -1.2 ( Gbetibouo 1990).

REFERENCES

Acharya Meena, and Lynne Bennett
1982 Women and Work in Africa. Boulder: Westview Press.

Ainsworth Martha
1989 Socioeconomic Determinants of Fertility in Cote d'Ivoire. Paper presented at the Population Association of America, Baltimore, MD.

Ahmad Zubeida M., and Martha F. Loutfi
1981 Programme on Rural Women. Geneva: International Labor Organization.

Anker Richard, and Catherine Hein
1985 Fertility and Employment in the Third World. POPULI 12( 2).

Anker Richard, Mayra Buvinic, and Nadia Youssef
1982 Women's Roles and Population Trends in the Third World. London: Croom Helm.

Becker Gary
1981 A Treatise on the Family. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

1985 "Human Capital, Effort and the Sexual Division of Labor". Journal of Labor Economics 3: 533-558.

Behrman Jere R., and Barbara L. Wolfe
1984 "More Evidence on Nutrition Demand: Income Seems Overrated and Women's Schooling Underemphasized". Journal of Development Economics 14: 105-128.

1987 "How Does a Mother's Schooling Affect Family Health, Nutrition, Medical Care Usage and Household Sanitation". Journal of Econometrics 36: 185-204.

Benavot, A.
1989 "Education, Gender and Economic Development: A Cross- National Study". Sociologv of Education 62( 1): 14-32.

Benavot A., and Gita Sen
1986 "Accumulation, Reproduction and Women's Role in Economic Development: Boserup Revisted". Women's Work: Development and the Division of Labor by Gender, Elaine Leacock and Helen I. Safa, eds. Boston: Bergin and Gawey.

-71-

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