Structural Adjustment and African Women Farmers

By Christina H. Gladwin; Center for African Studies University of Florida | Go to book overview

gests the need for a transformation of societal structures in a manner quite different than that involved in improving the economic indicators to which neoclassical macroeconomists attend.


NOTES
1.
Although small-scale female operators in the transborder trade "are only the tip of the iceberg" (as one reporter acknowledged), attacking the tip is safer ( Elima August 25, 1986; March 4-5, 1988).

REFERENCES

Dickerman Carol 1984 "City Women and the Colonial Regime: Usumbura", 1939-62. African Urban Studies 18 (Spring): 33-48.

Henn Jean, Diane Russell, D. Smith, B. Horwith, N. Nlandu, G. Mbaranga, M. Kanyangambe, and M. Mwema 1988 Mission-Wide Evaluation of Women in Development, Sept. 26-Nov. 21. Kinshasa: USAID/ Zaire.

Mitchnick David 1973 "Women and Development" in Zaire. Kinshasa: OXFAM/ United Kingdom.

Newbury Catharine 1984 "Ebutumwa Bw'Emiogo: The Tyranny of Cassava, A Women's Tax Revolt in Eastern Zaire". Canadian Journal of African Studies 18 ( 1): 35-54.

1986 "Survival Strategies in Rural Zaire: Realities of Coping with Crisis". The Crisis in Zaire: Myths and Realities, Nzongola-Ntalaja, ed. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.

Newbury Catharine, and Brooke G. Schoepf 1988 "State, Peasantry and Agrarian Crisis in Zaire: Does Gender Make a Difference?" Women and the State in Africa, Jane L. Parpart and Kathleen A. Staudt, eds. Boulder, CO: Lynne Reinner.

Pruitt William, and Elizabeth Reid 1984 "Bandundu Farm Households Survey". Kinshasa: USAID/ Zaire.

Pruitt W., B. G. Schoepf, E. Gerard, and M. Morand 1985 "Priorite des Priorites", Zaire African Food Systems Initiative Assessment Team Report. April 18. Peace Corps, Washington, D.C.

Russell Diane 1988 "The Outlook for Liberalization in Zaire: Evidence from Kisangani's Rice Trade. Boston": Boston University, Center for African Studies, WP No. 139.

1989 "Liberalization" and the Local Economy in Zaire: The Case of the Rice Trade in Kisangani. Paper presented at US African Studies Association annual meeting, Atlanta, November 2-5, 1989.

-166-

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