Red Spear Code(From Suemitsu Takayoshi, 1932, pp. 124-29)
|1. ||The goal of this society is to use military force to effect popular self-
rule and self-defense in order that everyone may attain a peaceful
|2. ||Members of this society must observe the following rules:|
|a. ||Respect parents and elders|
|b. ||Love their country and native village|
|c. ||Be trustworthy|
|d. ||Suffer hardship together|
|e. ||Obey laws and have a sense of civic responsibility|
|f. ||Refrain from acting recklessly.|
|3. ||To eliminate any obstacles to self-rule and self-defense, the society
must carry out the following duties:|
|a. ||Suppress bandits|
|b. ||Eliminate reckless soldiers|
|c. ||Resist unfair taxes, surcharges, and corvée labor|
|d. ||Punish all bad officials and staff, bandits, and lawless persons.|
|4. ||All Chinese above eighteen years of age with a certain amount of
property and a regular occupation, introduced by two or more
members of the society, who swear to the initiation oath and pay an
initiation fee of one yüan may be admitted.|
|5. ||Members of this society must observe the following military system:|
|a. ||Five members compose a wu, with its leader known as wu-chang|
|b. ||Five wu compose a tui, whose 25 members have a leader known
|c. ||Five tui compose a she, whose 125 members have a leader known
|d. ||Five she compose a hsiang, whose 625 members have a leader
known as hsiang-chang|
|e. ||Five hsiang compose a t'ing, whose 3,125 members have a leader
known as t'ing-chang|
|f. ||Five t'ing compose a chün, whose 15,625 members have a leader
known as chün-chang|
|g. ||Five chün compose a lu, whose 78,125 members have a leader
known as lu-chang|
|h. ||Five lu compose a chen, whose 390,625 members have a leader
known as chen-chang|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Rebels and Revolutionaries in North China, 1845-1945.
Contributors: Elizabeth J. Perry - Author.
Publisher: Stanford University.
Place of publication: Stanford, CA.
Publication year: 1980.
Page number: 267.
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