Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Kostas G. Messas | Go to book overview

breathing space has been created for local leaders to use in order to resolve the many outstanding issues which remain. It is up to them to decide if they will squander yet another opportunity for peace.

Slobodan Milosevic, although firmly in power and boosted by the events of the last five months of 1995, still finds himself having to constantly play the game he plays so well. He must manipulate and neutralize any potential threat to his power, while continually measuring his compliance with ever increasing demands from his new partners in Washington. All the countries that have emerged in the space of the former Yugoslavia are engaged in political battles for power and economic recovery. Milosevic will seek to bolster his popular support through economic growth and through greater repression of opposing voices. His efforts to silence the independent media began under the cover of international preoccupation with the implementation of the Dayton Agreement.

Ironically, the nationalist passions which Milosevic helped unleash are now the most serious challenge to his rule. Among the plethora of problems awaiting him are: the plight of hundreds of thousands of refugees from Krajina and Bosnia, the deep national humiliation resulting from his capitulation to international pressure and his betrayal of the Krajina and Bosnian Serbs, a disastrous economy, and an increasingly vocal opposition. These could explode at anytime and put his ability to overcome crisis to a severe test. Milosevic can no longer use as effectively the threat of war to silence his opponents and sweep problems under the rug. In the end, the words of a Bosnian Serb soldier have a haunting premonition: "The war is over, or so they tell us. But no one can tell for how long."38


Notes
1.
Milorad Pavic, Dictionary of the Khazars, transl. Christina Pribicevic-Zoric ( New York: Random House, 1989), p. 7.
2.
For detailed profiles of Milosevic, see Aleksa Djilas, "A Profile of Slobodan Milosevic," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 72 (Summer 1993); Kosta Cavoski, Slobodan Protiv Slobode, ( Belgrade: AIZ Dosije, 1991); and Obrad Kesic "Serbia: The Politics of Despair," Current History, Vol. 92 ( November 1993).
3.
For a comprehensive account of the Slovene road to the crisis, see Pedro Ramet , Nationalism and Federalism in Yugoslavia, 1963-1983 ( Bloomington: Indiana University Press).
4.
Ibid., pp. 102-103.
5.
Ramet discusses articles written in the period 1967-1971 by Croat intellectuals, such as Peter Segedin, who in 1969 authored a laundry list of grievances in Kolo, the bi-monthly journal of Matica Hrvatska. For Croat demands in respect to

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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390
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