The nation state should preferably be coterminous with the people who
inhabit it. However, without genuine democracy and prospects for a decent
economic standard of living, along with a keener sense of differentiation
between the regions of the Balkans, national unity everywhere remains but a
meretricious program. The conclusion drawn from the Hungarian vantage point
looks almost unequivocal: underlying political differences are not going to be
"solved" by simply tilting the balance of forces. Rather they need to be corrected
piecemeal over years -- as accommodations specific to each region within the Balkans are designed and applied.
Ivo Banac, The National Question in Yugoslavia ( Ithaca: Cornell University
Press, 1984), pp. 38, 50, 70, 75.
In a nutshell, conquest gets explained as union; language (apparently immutable)
forms the soul of nations; a mystic obsession with the sacred soil (one and indivisible)
occupies a place of honor; cultural diversity is looked upon as obstacle to the dominant
ethnic group's drive for homogeneity; some variant of "we are alone" prevents realistic
reappraisal of current and past policies. Finally, the adage that "occupation should
determine claims to lands" still evidently guides strategic thinking.
Michael Lind, "In Defense of Liberal Nationalism," Foreign Affairs, 73, 3
( May/June 1994): 87-99.
Gidon Gottlieb, "Nations Without States," Foreign Affairs, 73, 3 ( May/June
Hungary is currently involved in two sets of agreements; a series of "frame
agreements" with the Council of Europe regarding minorities, and a NATO-stipulated
"ground agreement" which was designed to settle -- by diplomatic means -- outstanding
issues among Partnership for Peace members.
The Council of Europe does not encourage dual citizenship since its 1963
Népszabadság, October, 12, 1994, p. 3. On February 1, 1994 Hungary's
association treaty with the European Union entered into force that envisages the country's
integration into the EU at around the year 2000.
Nipszabadsdg, October 7, 1991.
Joseph C. Kun, Hungarian Foreign Policy: The Experience of a New Democracy
( Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1993), pp. 107-8, 136 and 156.
Népszabadság, October 28, 1991.
Népszabadság, March 28, 1994.
Népszabadság, January 20, 1995, p. 11.
Népszabadság, March 9, 1994.
Washington Post, Feb. 6 and 15, 1994.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Crises in the Balkans:Views from the Participants.
Contributors: Constantine P. Danopoulos - Editor, Kostas G. Messas - Editor.
Publisher: Westview Press.
Place of publication: Boulder, CO.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 255.
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