Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Kostas G. Messas | Go to book overview

14
Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis

Igor A. Zevelev and Sharyl Cross

The outbreak of war following the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1991-1992 presented the world community with a major conflict in the heart of Europe. The Yugoslav war of secession provided a test case for defining new rules of diplomacy in the world community following the collapse of the communist bloc. Among the most significant international aspects of the war would be the reaction of the newly established successor of the former Soviet empire, the Russian Federation.

This chapter describes and analyzes the global interests and domestic forces shaping Russia's policy toward the Yugoslav conflict. Moscow's policy is consistent with that of a nation possessing significant ties to the region and committed to preserving its status as a major world player.

After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia stressed that it was opening the first chapter in its foreign policy. To some extent this was true, because Russia although a superpower like its predecessor, at least in terms of vast physical size and nuclear capacity, has found itself in a painful process of national reconstruction in the midst of deep economic, social, and psychological crises. To some extent, however, Russia tried to continue the ambitious policy of the Soviet empire, at least rhetorically.

There are two key elements in the new Russian foreign policy. First, the Yeltsin leadership has stated that the bordering newly independent states, or the so called "near abroad," constitute Russia's zone of vital national interest. A second priority has been to build cooperation and cultivate partnership with the West.

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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390
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