Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Kostas G. Messas | Go to book overview

EU member). These agreements should include provisions for ensuring the respect for human rights and the creation of stable democratic systems as well as far-reaching trade provisions aimed at creating a Balkan free trade area. This would provide a framework for developing relations with the entire Balkan peninsula south of Slovenia. Otherwise, the various countries of the region will seek to carve out separate paths to Brussels, undermining efforts at regional cooperation.

Finally, Washington and its European allies will need to give more attention to two issues that were left out of the Dayton Accord -- Kosovo and Macedonia. Without a resolution of these two problems there can be no lasting stability in the Balkans. Indeed, the two problems are closely linked. A continued aggravation of tensions in Kosovo could have serious implications for stability in Macedonia and exacerbate tensions between the Albanian minority in Macedonia -- which constitutes about 30 percent of the country's population -- and the Macedonian government. Hence, a resolution of the Kosovo issue is a critical prerequisite for overall stability in the Southern Balkans and the Balkans as a whole.


Notes
1.
See Ian O. Lesser, Mediterranean Security: New Perspectives and Implications for the United States, ( Santa Monica, CA: RAND, R-4178-AF, 1992).
2.
Statement by Richard C. Holbrooke, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Canadian Affairs, before the International Relations Committee, U.S. House of Representatives, March 9, 1995, pp. 25-26 (mimeographed copy).
3.
See F. Stephen Larrabee, The Volatile Powder Keg: Balkan Security After the Cold War ( Washington, D.C.: American University Press, 1994).
4.
On the background to the formation of the Truman Doctrine, see in particular Joseph Jones, The Fifteen Weeks: February 21 to June 5, 1946 ( New York: Viking, 1955); Bruce R. Kuniholm, The Origins of the Cold War in the Near East ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980); and John Gaddis, The United States and the Origins of the Cold War 1941-1947 ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1972). Also Gaddis's insightful article, "Reconsiderations: Was the Truman Doctrine the Real Turning Point?" Foreign Affairs, 52 ( 1974), pp. 386-402.
5.
For the background to Greece's entry into NATO, see Theodore Couloumbis, Greek Political Reaction to American and NATO Influences ( New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967). For Turkey, see George Harris, The Troubled Alliance: Turkish-American Problems in Historical Perspective ( Washington D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 1972), pp. 1-46; and George McGhee, The U.S.-Turkish-Middle East Connection ( London: Macmillan, 1990).

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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390
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