Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Kostas G. Messas | Go to book overview
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EU member). These agreements should include provisions for ensuring the respect for human rights and the creation of stable democratic systems as well as far-reaching trade provisions aimed at creating a Balkan free trade area. This would provide a framework for developing relations with the entire Balkan peninsula south of Slovenia. Otherwise, the various countries of the region will seek to carve out separate paths to Brussels, undermining efforts at regional cooperation.

Finally, Washington and its European allies will need to give more attention to two issues that were left out of the Dayton Accord -- Kosovo and Macedonia. Without a resolution of these two problems there can be no lasting stability in the Balkans. Indeed, the two problems are closely linked. A continued aggravation of tensions in Kosovo could have serious implications for stability in Macedonia and exacerbate tensions between the Albanian minority in Macedonia -- which constitutes about 30 percent of the country's population -- and the Macedonian government. Hence, a resolution of the Kosovo issue is a critical prerequisite for overall stability in the Southern Balkans and the Balkans as a whole.

See Ian O. Lesser, Mediterranean Security: New Perspectives and Implications for the United States, ( Santa Monica, CA: RAND, R-4178-AF, 1992).
Statement by Richard C. Holbrooke, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Canadian Affairs, before the International Relations Committee, U.S. House of Representatives, March 9, 1995, pp. 25-26 (mimeographed copy).
See F. Stephen Larrabee, The Volatile Powder Keg: Balkan Security After the Cold War ( Washington, D.C.: American University Press, 1994).
On the background to the formation of the Truman Doctrine, see in particular Joseph Jones, The Fifteen Weeks: February 21 to June 5, 1946 ( New York: Viking, 1955); Bruce R. Kuniholm, The Origins of the Cold War in the Near East ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980); and John Gaddis, The United States and the Origins of the Cold War 1941-1947 ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1972). Also Gaddis's insightful article, "Reconsiderations: Was the Truman Doctrine the Real Turning Point?" Foreign Affairs, 52 ( 1974), pp. 386-402.
For the background to Greece's entry into NATO, see Theodore Couloumbis, Greek Political Reaction to American and NATO Influences ( New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967). For Turkey, see George Harris, The Troubled Alliance: Turkish-American Problems in Historical Perspective ( Washington D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 1972), pp. 1-46; and George McGhee, The U.S.-Turkish-Middle East Connection ( London: Macmillan, 1990).


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