EIGHTEENTH CENTURY TO THE OUTBREAK OF THE REVOLUTION.
|Effect of wars upon progress of American commerce , 84.|
|Estimated population of the colonies in 1700 and 1760, 85.|
|General industrial and commercial changes from 1700 to 1775, 86.|
|The value and growth of the commerce of the colonies, (a) with Great Britain, 88,|
|(b) with sections of world outside of Great Britain, go.|
|Value and distribution of trade of colonies in 1769 , 92.|
|Trade with the West Indies, 93.|
|The Sugar Act of 1733 and its slight effect ,95.|
|Illegal trading of the colonies during the Seven Years' War, 96.|
|The illegal trade with the French at Monte Cristi, 98.|
|Trade with West Indies after 1763 ,99.|
|The African slave trade,100.|
|Causes of the slave trade , 102.|
|Commerce from the Peace of Paris to the Declaration of Independence, (a) value of exports and imports, 105,|
|(6) prosperity of whaling and other fisheries, 106.|
|Great Britain's bounties on hemp, masts, indigo, and naval stores, 106.|
|Failure of British taxes on commerce of the colonies , 107.|
|Monetary conditions as affecting commerce in the eighteenth century , 108.|
|Summary , 110.|
|Sources of statistical information concerning American colonial commerce, 112.|
|Documentary sources and other references , 113.|
|Statistics of exports from the colonies in 1770, 118.|
|Statistics of the trade between Great Britain and the colonies, 1697 to 1776, 120.|
The development of American commerce during the larger part of the eighteenth century took place under conditions that would to-day render international trade almost impossible; but, in spite of adverse circumstances, there was large and almost continuous progress. Had Great Britain been disposed, and had she been able, to enforce strictly the Acts of Trade, the commerce of her colonies must necessarily have been seriously hampered, mainly because the growth of the West Indian trade would have been checked; but serious effort to enforce those acts was postponed until within about a decade of the Revolution, and the attempt even then was largely unsuccessful. Indeed, the dozen years intervening between the peace of Paris and the battle of Lexington were the years during which the colonial trade reached its maximum value.
Four prolonged wars interfered with the peaceful progress of American commerce during the first sixty-three years of the century. The desperate struggles of European countries for political and commercial leadership were inevitably shared in large measure by the American colonies of Spain, France, and England, with the result that the ocean commerce of the colonies was for considerable periods of time subjected to the risks of warfare, privateering, and its natural accompaniment, piracy. The last and the most epoch-making of the four conflicts-- the seven years war in Europe, called the French and Indian War in America--was, as far as England and France were concerned, a struggle for supremacy in India and America. It involved the colonies in active war; indeed, it war the victories of the British and colonial forces over the French in America that compelled France to turn over her vast possessions in America and India to Great Britain and to the shaping influences of British civilization.
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Publication information: Book title: History of Domestic and Foreign Commerce of the United States. Volume: 1. Contributors: Emory R. Johnson - Author, T. W. Van Metre - Author, G. G. Huebner - Author, D. S. Hanchett - Author. Publisher: Carnegie Institution of Washington. Place of publication: Washington, DC. Publication year: 1915. Page number: 84.
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