Mentor of the World 1850-1853
ON the strength of his major published books Mill's reputation grew rapidly at home and abroad; more so after they had been translated into most European languages.
His influence spread in ever-widening circles with every year until his death, and was increased with each new publication. He was deluged by correspondence, mostly from persons unknown to him, asking his advice as an expert, on constitutions to be drafted, on taxation, wages, trade unions, cooperatives, socialism, on problems, serious and trivial, of economic theory, on parlia- tary reform, on immigration, on slavery, on education, on sanita- tion, on religion, on laws of inheritance, on peasant holdings, on philosophy, on the emancipation of women, on foreign policy, on Indian administration, on colonial problems; young authors con- sulted him about their manuscripts--the personal letters were few and far between. Had he dealt with it fully this steady stream of inquiries would have required all his time. The tone of his an- swers was measured, definite, dignified, sparing no weakness in the questioner; sometimes he even grew acrimonious. But to any serious problem he gave full justice.
During the next twenty years his became the best-known Eng- lish name abroad. And Victorian England was the intellectual power-station of the world; more foreign students were educated in England than in all other Western countries together. Mill be- came indeed a sort of mentor to the world. He calmly accepted