The Organization: Toward Openness
Despite the difficulties of throwing off the weight of tradition, new concepts of time and attendance are appearing in high schools in all parts of the country: urban, suburban, and rural. New arrangements for opening the organization include year-round programs, four-day weeks, exit-entry plans, evening high schools, flexible schedules, open campus plans, alternative schools, and others. These are being interrelated with new curriculum content, humanistic ideals, development of students' self-responsibility, intercultural understandings, development of modern learning theories and methods of inquiry, attention to new uses of resources, and involvement with the world beyond the classroom.
New options in organizational arrangements are providing more opportunities for teachers and students to spend time when, where, and how they perceive it is needed. Options for providing flexibility are not mere manipulations designed to provide variety and relieve boredom but are far-reaching changes that recognize the uniqueness of individuals. Thoughtful educators are taking the position that if each student is to learn successfully and at his optimum rate and in an optimum manner, schools must eliminate some of the more rigid time and attendance conditions that can hinder individual progress.