Person-Centered Career Counseling
Jerold D. Bozarth University of Georgia
Ron Fisher Center for Professional and Personal Growth, Inc., Atlanta, GA
Carl R. Rogers ( 1942, 1951, 1957, 1959) developed a theory of psychotherapy that impacted the fields of counseling and psychotherapy in an unprecedented way. He was the first psychotherapist to extensively tape record counseling interviews, and the first psychologist to thoroughly investigate the process of psychotherapy using the scientific method of research. His efforts revolutionized the field of psychotherapy by de-mystifying it, and by opening up psychotherapeutic practice to professionals other than psychiatrists. The work of Rogers, however, had a penetrating influence. The principles that he hypothesized, first, in the field of psychotherapy were applied to a wide span of areas that included group work, education, international conflict mediation, and career counseling.
This chapter reviews the historical dimensions and the principles of person-centered career counseling. A person-centered career counseling model is proposed; and several examples of career counseling from the person-centered perspective are given.
Client-centered vocational counseling was in vogue during the 1940s and 1950s. The application of this approach began with Rogers' ( 1942) book, Counseling and Psychotherapy, that introduced the nondirective or client-centered approach in counseling and psychotherapy. At this time, he expressed the view that it was only when the counselor assumed a
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Publication information: Book title: Career Counseling:Contemporary Topics in Vocational Psychology. Contributors: Samuel H. Osipow - Editor, W. Bruce Walsh - Editor. Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Place of publication: Hillsdale, NJ. Publication year: 1990. Page number: 45.
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