The Noble Truth of Nirvana (Liberation), Part 1: Conquer the Beasts Within
The truth of Nirvana : We can attain freedom from Dukkha. We do this by changing ourselves, by transforming our cravings.
Buddhism does not contain only the dark view that we live in Dukkha, in the valley of tears. It also shows a way out. Because Dukkha derives from the maelstrom of cravings, urges, passions, and feelings, the way out requires putting an end to this turbulence. We must strive to reduce, minimize, even eliminate these inner pushes and pulls that seem to come from all directions. We need, in short, to transform ourselves. This emphasis may be seen in the following story:
In ancient India, a common sport had been for men to fight barehanded against tigers. One sturdy fellow, the world champion of his day, could vanquish even the largest, most vicious tigers, with little hurt to himself. One day a Hindu sage remarked to him "It is a great challenge you have met, to be able to master tigers. However, it is a greater challenge to be able to master