MESSAGES THAT HURT
Anita L. Vangelisti University of Texas
After my parents got divorced, my father sat down and had a long talk with me. He told me a lot of things that my mom did to hurt him and tried to explain his side of the story. I already knew most of what he said, but there was one thing that really surprised me. He said, "Your mother never really loved you as much as she did your brother or sister. . . . It was obvious from the start. You looked like me and she couldn't hide her feelings." He probably didn't mean this the way I took it, but it has bothered me ever since. I wish now he wouldn't have said it. I'm not sure why he did. I guess he was just expressing his anger.
Although most of us have used the old adage "sticks and stones may break my bones,"1 few who study communication would argue that the impact of words on people and relationships is less than that of physical objectswhether those objects be sticks, stones, bats, or fists. Words not only "do" things when uttered ( Austin, 1975), but they have the ability to hurt or harm in every bit as real a way as physical objects. A few ill-spoken words (e.g., "You're worthless," "You'll never amount to anything," "I don't love you anymore") can strongly affect individuals, interactions, and relationships.
Feeling hurt, by its nature, is a social phenomenon. Except in relatively____________________