Motivation and Learning Strategies for College Success: A Self-Management Approach

By Myron H. Dembo | Go to book overview

5
Management of Mood and Effort
In chapter 1 you learned the importance of managing your own motivation and in chapter 3 you learned about the factors that influence motivation to learn. Thus far, you learned that values and goals are important determinants of motivation, and that goal setting can be an important motivational strategy. In addition, you learned that the nature of your attributions can have an important impact on your motivation to learn because these attributions influence your emotions and moods. More specifically, I suggested that you analyze how you interpret the causes of your successes and failures, especially ability versus effort attributions. You also learned that self-efficacy is an important belief that is related to academic performance. Thus, as you gain more expertise in "learning how to learn" and attain greater academic success, your efficacy beliefs, or judgments about your capabilities to learn, will be enhanced. In turn, these beliefs will lead to greater effort, persistence, and self-monitoring of your behavior. Finally, you learned that arranging or imagining rewards or punishments for success or failure at an academic task can be a useful motivation strategy.In this chapter, I focus on procedures to help you manage your mood and effort, and reduce anxiety. After studying this chapter you will be able to:
Develop positive beliefs about your ability to attain goals.
Use self-talk to reduce anxiety.
Use relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety.

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