5 In chapter 1 you learned the importance of managing your own motivation
and in chapter 3 you learned about the factors that influence motivation to
learn. Thus far, you learned that values and goals are important determinants of motivation, and that goal setting can be an important motivational
strategy. In addition, you learned that the nature of your attributions can have
an important impact on your motivation to learn because these attributions
influence your emotions and moods. More specifically, I suggested that you
analyze how you interpret the causes of your successes and failures, especially ability versus effort attributions. You also learned that self-efficacy is an
important belief that is related to academic performance. Thus, as you gain
more expertise in "learning how to learn" and attain greater academic success, your efficacy beliefs, or judgments about your capabilities to learn, will
be enhanced. In turn, these beliefs will lead to greater effort, persistence, and
self-monitoring of your behavior. Finally, you learned that arranging or imagining rewards or punishments for success or failure at an academic task can
be a useful motivation strategy.In this chapter, I focus on procedures to help you manage your mood and
effort, and reduce anxiety. After studying this chapter you will be able to:
Management of Mood and Effort
|• ||Develop positive beliefs about your ability to attain goals.|
|• ||Use self-talk to reduce anxiety.|
|• ||Use relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Motivation and Learning Strategies for College Success:A Self-Management Approach.
Contributors: Myron H. Dembo - Author.
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Place of publication: Mahwah, NJ.
Publication year: 2000.
Page number: 81.
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