Issues in Educating Students with Disabilities

By Edward J. Kameenui; David Chard et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER 9
THEORY OF MASTERY AND ACCELERATION

Siegfried Engelmann Engelmann-Becker Corporation

The theory of mastery holds simply that children's learning performance and motivation or responses to new learning are affected by the extent to which children master material. This orientation is suggested in the Theory of Instruction by Engelmann and Carnine ( 1982). The basic assumption is that children learn about learning and how to learn just as they learn other skills. Initial examples require more time and a greater number of trials to learn than later examples. If we present a naive learner with the task of learning different "classes," such as the class of things that are furniture, the class of vehicles, the class of zoo animals, the class of common containers, and others, we will discover that the number of trials required for the naive learner to master the first class presented is far greater than the number required to master the sixth class presented or the ninth. This pattern obtains regardless of which class is presented first and which is presented sixth. This pattern further confirms that the learner learns how to learn.

According to the Theory of Instruction, this acceleration occurs because the learner has learned what is the same about all the instances. In addition to learning about the specific content presented (e.g., the names of the things in the class of appliances, and the fact that these things are not in the class of animals), the learner learns the structural details that are the same from one class to another. Once the learner learns this structure, the learning of subsequent classes requires less learning than the first class, because the learner is not required to relearn the common structural details. Other savings in what is logically required to learn the various classes occur

-177-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Issues in Educating Students with Disabilities
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 409

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?