Issues in Educating Students with Disabilities

By Edward J. Kameenui; David Chard et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

the two together. Slaughter ( 1988) reported that most of the whole language teachers she interviewed used both indirect and direct teaching methods. Similarly, Pressley, Rankin, and Yokoi (in press) found that outstanding teachers of reading and writing typically blend together whole language and explicit skills instruction. Examples of using both whole language/process writing and more explicit methods are also becoming more frequent in the research literature (cf. Castle, Riach, & Nicholson, 1994; Englert et al., 1994: MacArthur et al., in press). Although some whole language advocates would have us believe that you cannot have a little of whole language and a little of something else (cf. Goodman, 1989), many practitioners have already moved beyond these polemics by drawing on different theories and methodologies to meet the needs of individual children. This is especially critical for students with special needs, as one approach does not fit all.


REFERENCES

Adams M. ( 1990). Beginning to read: Thinking and learning about print. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Alamasi J., Palmer B., Gambrell L., & Pressley M. ( 1994). "Toward disciplined inquiry: A methodological analysis of whole-language". Educational Psychologist, 28, 193-202.

Allen J. ( 1988). Literacy development in whole language kindergartens (Tech. Rep. No. 436). Urbana: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Center for the Study of Reading. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 300 780)

Allen J., Michalove B., Shockley B., & West M. ( 1991). "I'm really worried about Joseph: Reducing the risks of literacy learning". Reading Teacher, 44, 458-472.

Allington R. ( 1983). "The reading instruction provided readers of differing reading ability". Elementary School Journal, 83, 548-559.

Allington R. ( 1994). "What's special about special programs for children who find learning to read difficult". Journal of Reading Behavior, 26, 95-115.

Allington R., & McGill-Franzen A. ( 1989). "Different programs, indifferent instruction". In D. Lipsky & A. Gartner (Eds.), Beyond separate education: Quality education for all (pp. 75-98). Baltimore, MD: Brookes.

Atwell N. ( 1987). In the middle: Reading, writing, and learning from adolescents. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Bereiter C., & Scardamalia M. ( 1984). "Learning about writing from reading". Written Communication, 1, 163-188.

Bock J. ( 1989, November). Portraits of six developing readers in a whole language classroom. Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Austin, TX.

Brown A., & Campione J. ( 1990). "Interactive learning environments and the teaching of science and mathematics". In M. J. Gardner Green F. Reif, A. Schoenfield, A. di Sessa, & E. Stage (Eds.), Toward a scientific practice of science education (pp. 112-139). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Calkins L. ( 1981). "Case study of a nine year old writer". In D. Graves (Ed.), A case study observing the development of primary children's composing, spelling, and motor behavior during the writing process (pp. 239-262). Durham: University of New Hampshire.

Callaway B., McDaniel H., & Mason G. ( 1972). "Five methods of teaching language arts: A comparison". Elementary English, 49, 1240--1245.

-255-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Issues in Educating Students with Disabilities
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 409

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?