Appendices A, B, and C have been derived from the Lodz Ghetto Collection, Document 58, YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, and Lucjan Dobroszycki, ed., The Chronicle of the Lodz Ghetto ( New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1984). Appendix D has been derived from Yisrael Gutman, The Jews of Warsaw, 1939-1943: Ghetto, Underground, Revolt, trans. Ina Friedman ( Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989), pp. 62-65; Myron Winick, ed., Hunger Disease: Studies by the Jewish Physicians in the Warsaw Ghetto ( New York: Wiley, 1979), p. 35; and Adam Czerniakow report to Heinz Auerswald , dated February 12, 1942 (Polen 365e, p. 563), see Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, 3 vols., rev. and clef. ed. ( New York: Holmes & Meier, 1985), 1:269, n. 307 and 3:1225. Appendix E has been derived from Raul Hilberg, ed., Documents of Destruction: Germany and Jewry 1933- 1945 ( Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1971), pp. 46-57.