It is, of course, probable that the application of this test will
produce some inconvenience and hardship. If it did not do that
it would probably fail of its purpose. You cannot get the wagon
out the rut without administering some jolts. We hope to jolt it
just enough to wake up some of the occupants without inflicting
any serious or permanent injury.
The main point is that the resulting stress to the families affected, to the
existing charity systems, and to local governments was anticipated to be
minimal. In time, however, the inabilities of private charities to meet these
increased needs without demanding that women also work caused a crumbling in the public opposition to state-funded programs to support them.
Child labor laws would thus pave the way for mothers' pension laws, despite widespread reluctance to support welfare programs or to trust state
governments to administer them.
Owen R. Lovejoy, "Some Unsettled Questions About Child Labor," in Proc.
Fifth ACCL ( New York: NCLC, 1909), pp. 54-55.
Walter Trattner writes: "The child-saving campaign embraced many
programs: the creation of children's aid societies; the transfer of children from
almshouses to private homes for better care; efforts to reduce infant mortality; the
establishment of houses of correction, juvenile courts, probation systems, parks,
playgrounds, and public baths; widows' pensions; improved schools and curricula
as well as compulsory attendance laws; and, above all, a crusade against child
Walter I. Trattner, The Crusade for the Children: A History of the
National Child Labor Committee and Child Labor Reform in America ( Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1970), p. 47.
Julian W. Mack, in "The President's Address: Social Progress," Proceedings
of the National Conference of Charities and Correction at the Thirty-Ninth Annual Session ( Fort Wayne, IN: Fort Wayne Printing Company, 1912), pp. 1-2.
Elizabeth S. Johnson, "Child Labor Legislation," John R. Commons, ed., History of Labor in the United States, 1898-1932 ( New York: The Macmillan
Company, 1935), Vol. 3, pp. 404-405.
State of New York, Report and Testimony Taken Before the Special Committee of the Assembly Appointed to Investigate the Conditions of Female Laborin the City of New York
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The American Welfare System:Origins, Structure, and Effects.
Contributors: Howard Gensler - Editor.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1996.
Page number: 69.
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