furnish the best source of information upon the juvenile delinquency and dependency of any neighborhood; the attendance
officer, under the suggested change of law, will issue work permits and will find mothers' pensions of great value in supplementing this work.
So we see, at the very least, that mothers' pensions were promoted by
proponents of the children's cause as measures to aid in the enforcement of
the laws and to promote other community goals. To be sure, effective community support does seem to be associated with the eventual introduction
of mothers' pensions. However, one would be misinterpreting the motivations behind Progressive reform if one underestimated the greater priority
Progressive reformers placed on raising educational and family standards
as compared to relieving poverty.
Mabel Brown Ellis, "Mothers' Pensions," in
National Child Labor Committee, Child Welfare in Tennessee ( Nashville: Tennesse Industrial School, Printing
Dept., 1920), p. 514.
Calculated from data in
U.S. Children's Bureau, Mothers' Aid, 1931, Bureau
Publication No. 220 ( Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1933).
Mary Holiday Mitchell, "Child Labor," in
National Child Labor Committee, Child Welfare in Tennessee ( Nashville: Tennessee Industrial School, Printing
Dept., 1920), p. 375.
Gertrude H. Folks, "Schools," in
National Child Labor Committee, Child
Welfare in Tennessee ( Nashville: Tennesse Industial School, Printing Dept., 1920),
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The American Welfare System:Origins, Structure, and Effects.
Contributors: Howard Gensler - Editor.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1996.
Page number: 185.
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