Government Structures in the U.S.A. and the Sovereign States of the Former U.S.S.R: Power Allocation among Central, Regional, and Local Governments

By James E. Hickey Jr.; Alexej Ugrinsky | Go to book overview

1 Political Structure and Power: Is Philadelphia a Model for Moscow?

John N. Hazard

Momentous events have transpired since this paper was completed. Following a coup on August 12, 1991, and the installation of an "interim" government, it became evident that President Mikhail Gorbachev was unable to convince the various republics of the U.S.S.R. that it was in their interest to form some type of "union." Tiring of the effort, the leaders of the Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarus Republics met in Minsk to make a new beginning.

On December 9, 1991 the press carried news of an agreement to form a Commonwealth of Independent States ( CIS, or Commonwealth), with a coordinating center in Minsk. 1 The institutional structures were elaborated. The founders declared the U.S.S.R. as "ceasing its existence . . . as a subject of international law and geopolitical reality." The parties agreed to establish coordinating institutions to apply "principles . . . confirming our commitment to the goals and principles of the United Nations Charter, the Helsinki Final Act, and other documents from the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe." Additionally, they endorsed a bill of rights, augmenting a document that had been approved by the U.S.S.R. Congress of People's Deputies in Moscow as its last legislative act. 2

After issuing the agreement, the parties invited other republics of what had been the U.S.S.K. to join the Commonwealth, and all did so except Georgia. Only the Baltic States, to which the Congress had granted independence at its last meeting, remained outside the Commonwealth. Georgia was expected to join the founders eventually.

An agreement was signed by the founders on December 21, 1991, to add an institutional structure to the Commonwealth. 3 It took the form of a proposal to establish coordinate institutions in the future, to be charged eventually with coordination of foreign policy, a common economic space, common European and Asian policy, a customs policy, common transport and communications

-3-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Government Structures in the U.S.A. and the Sovereign States of the Former U.S.S.R: Power Allocation among Central, Regional, and Local Governments
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 474

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.