The Influence of Local Authorities and the Public on Energy Policy in Ukraine
Pressing economic and social problems beset old industrial regions of Ukraine. The purpose of this paper is to find ways of confronting these problems that are compatible with both continuing economic growth in Ukraine and its transition toward a market economy. Regional policy must be considered in the development of a modern energy policy in Ukraine.
Changes in the system of management in the Ukrainian economy have resulted in a drastic growth in independence of the regions, which get increasing power to set up different policies, to stimulate specific sectors of activities, and to implement local forms of financial stimulations for industry. Up to now, these opportunities have not been used, but they must be used in a new economic system.
The paper concludes with recommendations about how to combine regional interests in the content of modern energy policy.
A modern energy policy in Ukraine must take into account two new features that have come up in the fuel-energy sector in the former U.S.S.R.: decentralization and nuclear power.
The first characteristic of the new directions of the energy sector in the former U.S.S.R. is a drastically increased independence of the regions in