form of discrimination was still fairly prevalent when Ines Mandl was honored in 1977 with the Carl Neuberg Medal by the American Society of European Chemists and Pharmacists. This prize, named after Mandl's erstwhile mentor and established in 1947, is awarded annually to "an outstanding personality credited with special contributions to science."
Until 1980, the Garvan Medal had been the only prize the American Chemical Society (ACS) awarded to female chemists. Women were not encouraged to compete with men for other ACS awards. (Only in 1967 did the ACS give a general award to a woman.) Francis P. Garvan ( 1875- 1938), a patent lawyer and the director of Chemical Foundation, had endowed the prize in 1935 to honor the achievements of women in the field. In 1982 the selection committee awarded the prize to Ines Mandl for her outstanding contributions to research in biochemistry.
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