Military Deterrence in History: A Pilot Cross-Historical Survey

By Raoul Naroll; Vern L. Bullough et al. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 4
A LULL ON THE NORTHERN MARCHES
25-16 B.C.: Conspicuous State, Han Dynasty; Conspicuous Rival, the Huns.

PART 1: SKETCH OF HISTORICAL SETTING (CHIEFLY AFTER PAN KU)

THE RANDOMLY chosen decade from 25 to 16 B.C. was one of the quietest in the struggle between the Chinese emperors of the Han Dynasty and the nomadic Huns who periodically raided their northwestern frontier. The struggle had begun in 220 B.C. During this period of more than two hundred years, the emperors of the Han Dynasty had tried in every way possible to protect their frontiers against the Huns. Sometimes they were successful, but whenever they were, the Huns retreated beyond the Gobi desert, where it was almost impossible for the Chinese to pursue them. During most of the long struggle, there was continual fighting, but there was one extended period of peace, from 51 B.C. to A.D. 9, and the decade under study took place during that long period when both sides were more concerned with internal than with external problems.

The partial peace which was established in 51 B.C. was completed in 36 B.C., and allowed the Chinese to relax somewhat their constant vigilance over the northwest. By 25 B.C., the former Han Dynasty had begun to crumble. Imperial power had been weakening from the time of the Emperor Wu Ti partly because of the incompetence of the rulers and partly because of the corruption which had infested the administrative system. Emperor Ch'eng Ti, who acceded to the throne in 32 B.C. was devoted to pleasure, and preferred to leave imperial duties to the most able and willing of his maternal uncles. Consequently, the power of his uncle and his mother's lineage increased until they held power in fact if not yet in name, and by A.D. 9 Ch'eng Ti's (maternal) nephew actually seized the throne.

-61-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Military Deterrence in History: A Pilot Cross-Historical Survey
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 418

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.